Termites are a subject that often leaves people feeling a little itchy and uncomfortable. There are three groups of termites which include dry wood, damp wood, and subterranean. Besides the obvious location of their colonies, there are several other factors that can help you identify a subterranean species.
Swarmers – Also known as alates, these winged termites are dark-brown or black and are ½ to ¼ inch long.
Workers – The subterranean worker termite does not have wings, is cream colored, and is generally ¼ inch or less in length.
Soldiers – This category is also wingless and has a very large jaw structure. They defend the colony and are white or cream colored with a brown head.
Damaged wood – Because the nests of the subterranean termite is underground, the area that is damaged often will have soil or mud within the wood. They also only eat the soft wood portions, so the rest of the wood can have a layered appearance. Additionally, the wood is eaten in a pattern that is with the grain.
Nest location – While subterranean nests might be located above ground, this only happens when conditions above ground have ample amounts of moisture and the colony is well established.
Signs of Infestation
A subterranean termite infestation begins when an established colony sends out a swarm of winged termites because of an onset of warm temperatures and significant moisture. Winged reproductive males and females make up the swarm which can be mistaken for flying ants. Swarmers have four wings that are all the same size. After mating, they land and shed their wings. If there are piles of wings on window sills, you could have an infestation, especially if the wings are all the same size.
Subterranean termites build large colonies, which are composed of intricate tunnels and chambers. When the termites eat wood, they leave mud and soil in the place of the wood to keep the moisture level consistent. If these muddy tunnels are noticeable on the walls or foundation of your home there is a good probability you have a subterranean termite infestation.
At Rid All Termite & Pest Solutions, we specialize in the diagnosis and removal of termite infestations in Olive Branch, Mississippi and surrounding areas. If you think you might be experiencing termite or other pest issues, contact us today.